CLASS RECENTLY TAUGHT TO PAHC MEMBERS BY KITTY DAVIS
What you can do & what things require immediate Emergency Care
Bloat: Call emerg. hosp. and tell them you are on your way.!! Immediately!
Cause: Stomach has flipped and cut off the entrance to (esophagus)
and exit from (pylorus and small intestine) . Like a balloon, the
stomach fills with gas. Extreme pain, distended abdomen.
Standing in “Pain Position”.
Shock: Call vet immed. Can cause death w/in minutes
Cause: Body not getting enough oxygen. Most common is
hypovolemic (Severe blood loss) and/or burst of adrenaline
which constricts blood vessels.
Symptoms: Woozy, weak, trouble standing, zoning out mentally.
Gums dark pink or red, then pale after 5-10 min.
1st Aid: If there has been an accident, spine may be broken. Stabilize
body on a board or blanket.
If bleeding externally, apply direct pressure to the wound w/
soft cloth (damp?) or hand. Continue pressure in the car to
Rub Karo syrup on gums. Cover w/ blanket, heat the car.
Tourniquet or pressure??
Fractures: Muzzle. Move to a board (or blanket).
Steady limb w/ 2 pieces of cardboard.
Do Not try to put the bones back together. Off to hosp.
Do not muzzle if: Unconscious, Vomiting, Breathing probs.
Bleeding fr. mouth or head, Flat- faced breed.
Assessment: Gum color and cap refill.
Femoral pulse 50-80 beats/min. Resp. rate 10-40 breaths/min.
Temp. 100.9 – 103 F.
Hypothermia (<100 F.) Very serious. Go to vet or hosp.
Hyperthermia (>103 F.) put dog in cool water 75-80 F. Not ice
Frostbite (blood diverted from extremities to core) Seek vet.
Poisoning: 3 percent Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)
1 tsp = 5ml 1 Tbl = 15 ml 3 tsp = 1 Tbl
Use 1 ml./lb dog 6o lb. Afghan = 60 ml?? Use 10-20 ml.
Should vomit immediately – be ready! If not, try once more (15min)
Exp: Rat poison, mushrooms, ethylene glycol, chocolate, caffine, cigs.
DO NOT VOMIT: if dog is unconscious or swallowed corrosives
(lye, acid), petroleum products, cooked chicken bones.
Choking: Heimlich Maneuver. Dog lying on his side, or you lifting him to
his hind legs. Make a fist just under rib cage. Press sharply upward
inward towards his head. If dog is too upset, let him pass out first.
CPR: Chest compression: Lay dog on his side on a hard surface. Place one hand
on the highest
point of the chest wall. Place your other hand over the first. Use both
hands to compress chest. 80-100 compressions/min. , 15-20 breaths.
OR if only 1 person, 5 quick compressions, then one breath.
Respiration: Wrap one hand around his muzzle to close lips. Blow into
his his nose until chest rises. May take a lot for a lrg. dog.
Pet Emergency Pocket Guide. 2011, 2nd Edition –Informed
Amy D. Shojai, The First Aid Companion for Dogs and Cats